Towards Facilitating People’s Organisations
- The women of 265 project villages came forward and formed self help groups at village level and federated themselves at cluster and block level.
- The three block level federations formed the Samajik Bank ( Social Bank) a confederation of Self Help Groups (SHGs).
- During different issue based projects intervention ( 1997 to 2006) 861 number of SHGs could be formed and strengthened through different skill development trainings.
- Till the year 2006, 861 SHGs have covered 9666 women from 9666 number of poorest of the poor families from 265 villages.
|Sl.No||Name of the block||Number of cluster||Number of villages||Total number of SHG||Total number of members from the BPL families|
We could form Grain Bank in each village with the help of Self Help Group members. This has given food security to the poorest of the poor families at the time of distress. By the year 2005, 265 grain banks have a grain deposit of 807. 46 quintals.
Access to financial institution and Government schemes by SHGs members
- Till the end of December 2005 , 861 SHGs have already opened their accounts in the commercial banks/ Rural banks and saved Rs53,79,406/- in their respective bank accounts. With this group fund the SHG members started thrift and credit activities.
- The Social bank could be emerged with the active participation of women to help the poorest of the poor at their infant stage of SHG formation. During the year 2005, 332 infant SHGs could be financed through social bank to strengthen the credit absorbing capacity. For such time to time support to the infant SHGs the Social Bank has a revolving fund of Rs.26,88,270/- .
- The social bank could facilitate commercial banks to extend loan to those SHGs which could reach to the take off stage.
- During the year 2004-2005, 546 SHG could be linked up with the commercial bank and could avail a loan amount of Rs. 48,11,200/- . Some SHGs are linked up with the bank twice and thrice. The banking habits and credit absorbing capacity of the SHGs are increasing day by day . During the last part of 2005 , 21 SHGs could be linked up with the SGSY Scheme of Govt. of India and availed a financial assistance of Rs. 54,10,000/-. During the same year 60 number of infant SHGs could be supported by the Mission Shakti, Govt. of Orissa. During the year 2006 Lokadrusti got an award from Mission Shakti as the best facilitating NGO in Nuapada district.
- Regular programme are organized to bring more SHGs into the banking fold. Lokadrusti ( NGO), Samaj Vikash Mahila Samity ( Women CBO) State Bank of India, Boden Branch and Karlakot Branch have organized 5 such bank linkage programmes with the support of NABARD during last two years. This, in a way encourages banking habit among the members and helps in simplifying procedures.
Status of SHGs
The status of SHGs in the area of operation has been presented in a chart. To see the overall status in the entire area of operation please click on the link below.
The women are empowered and considered as community leaders. Three Women Federations at block level have been formed to take up different issues at village level, at cluster level and at federation level as shown in the table below.
|Block||Name of the women federation||Total women membership enrolled|
|Boden||Samaj Vikash Samity||3551|
|Sinapali||Jana Jagarana Mahila Mahasangha||3749|
|Khariar||Swayam Sahayak Mahila Mahasangha||2153|
People’s organisation could mobilize Panchayat and government fund for development initiatives in their respective village.
Due to increase participation of women in ‘palli sabha’ and ‘gram sabha’ the poor women could be selected as beneficiaries of the government scheme like Old Age Pension (OAP), Indra Awas Yajana (IAY), Antodaya, Annapurna etc.
Towards Developing the natural resource base in project villages
- In the initial period of project intervention we organized Participatory Rural Appraisal ( PRA) for resource mapping of the project villages where the people identified status of water bodies, village land and its use pattern, village forest etc. and accordingly made a strategy for the development of these natural resources.
- Till the end of February 2006 Lokadrusti could help the village organisation to complete 78 number of water harvesting structure ( WHS) which create an irrigation potential of 4200 acres of land. During digging of WHS the people are able to get employment in labour intensive work. To encourage group farming among the women 80 number of dug wells were dug and 80 number of pump set were assisted . Again due to creation of irrigation potentiality more employment could be generated in agriculture sector. This intern stem migration and the dependency of forestry sector reduced to a greater extent. Again the forest get some time for regeneration.
The women are directly engaged in Pisciculture and duck rearing activities. Presently more than 100 SHGs are involved in these activities. It has given new dimension to women empowerment as they could prove that they are on par with their male counter parts. The women are involved in the marketing of fish they procure from their multi purpose tank. This is a big step forward because earlier fish marketing in this proportion was unthinkable and man folk involved in marketing.
- The women beneficiaries have generated corpus fund out of the project fund given to them. The assistance of Rs. 2,00,000/- was given to two SHGs as one unit for digging of multi purpose tank and they deposited 20% out of their labour which was mostly confined to their own family members. In the process they deposited Rs. 40,000/- in the bank as corpus fund for the maintenance of tank in future. The banks land them 3 times of their deposit and with this fund the SHGs have explored other avenues of employment.
- In order to protect and regenerate forest we have involved people. We have also promoted plantation for gap filling. Last year alone we planted 25,000 ?Jatropha curcas?. This year we have made preparation for planting 5,00,000 Jatropha sapling. Plantation will be undertaken in the wasteland. This will give bio-diesel and will be a good source of income for the rural poor. In addition to this we have promoted bamboo plantation especially in the Paharia villages. In this connection we have developed two nurseries. Last year we developed 3,00,000 bamboo saplings out of which 1,50,000 saplings were planted and the rest have been kept in the nursery. We have also encouraged plantation of medicinal plants like Patal Garud (Rauvolfia serpentine Benth ex Kurz), Pashanvedi (coleus forskholi Briq), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Last year we promoted the plantation of these medicinal species on five acres of land on experimental basis. In addition to these indigenous forest species like Amla, Chaar, Mahua, Neem etc. have been planted. We have also made efforts to promote horticultural plant especially in the watershed areas. Horticultural species like Papaya, Cashew nut, Banana, jack fruit, Custard apple etc. have been supplied to the people. Apart from fulfilling their own requirements these plants will add to their income.
- Land Rights- As a result of the continuous efforts of our organisation there is some break through in the land rights. Hundreds of acres of mortgaged land have been liberated from the money-lenders. Through awareness camps on land related issues also people are sensitized regarding their rights. Samaj Vikash Mahila Samity which is the federation level women organisation, is taking lead role in giving joint land entitlement to women. During the period from 2003 to 2005 around 500 acres of mortgaged land could be released. Joint patta for 411.41 acres of agriculture land and 18048 acres of homestead land could be allotted in favour of 393 families.
- Health- To improve the health aspect in the backward areas we have promoted 111 para-health workers last year. Through the INHP project antenatal and post-natal health care has been improved. Pre-migration counselling of HIV AIDS, safe sexual practices, facilities for treatment of STDs and RTI were conducted this year on experimental basis. But the success of this programme has encouraged to replicate in the more number of migration prone villages but we are handicapped with fund crunch.
Impact f the Project on JAL (Water), JAMIN(Land) and Jungle(Forest)
Jal ( Water)
Benificieries work on the newly constructed water storage tank.
The wate bodies serve multipurpose- irrigation, pisciculture, duck-rearing, drinking water ofr animals etc.
- The water bodies have provided opportunity for Pisciculture to the woman groups.
- The Pisciculture potential of the existing water bodies were identified during the resource mapping and subsequently the SHG members negotiated with the Grampanchayat to take these water bodies on lease. Till date 15 number of SHGs have taken 15 number of water bodies on lease. For example in village like Bhaludongri of Khariar block 5 number of SHGs together formed a village level women committee and took the lease of panchayat tank where they have started Pisciculture activities. From the project fund Lokadrusti transferred Rs. 15000/- to support Pisciculture. 22 SHGs have been given assistance from the project fund to purchase fish seedling and initiate Pisciculture activities.
- In addition to this we have mobilised fund from commercial banks for 30 more SHGs for Pisciculture.
- The water bodies have increased irrigation potential and have created 31,972 person days during the lean period. This reduced migration and increased irrigation potential to a greater degree.
- The woman beneficiaries have generated corpus fund out of the project fund given to them. The assistance of Rs.2,00,000/- was given to two SHGs as one unit for digging of multi-purpose tank and they deposited 20% out of their labour which was mostly confined to their own family members. In the process they deposited Rs. 40,000/- in the bank as corpus fund for the maintenance of tank in future. The banks lend them 3 times of their deposit and with this fund the SHGs have explored other avenues of employment.
The Nomad Paharia community now has the Land Right- demanding land to the authority.
- Out of the 5540 household that we are addressing 27.64 are landless and others are marginal farmers having less than 2 acres of land.
- Out of the total of 10,077.5 acres of land 23.08% is encroached land. 90% is upland and medium land and only 10% is low land. Irrigation potential is almost non-existent which makes agriculture non-remunerative. Women do not have ownership right over land.
- Out of 931 paharia families in 58 paharia villages 84% are landless. Application for getting lease of land from government for 1531 households from landless families submitted to the Tehsildar on priority basis.
- Out of this 108 from 8 villages have already got joint entitlement of land. This is a big development considering the fact that earlier land right used to be enjoyed only by men.
- We have already purchased 11.48 acres of land for 29 paharia families in 4 paharia villages to promote group farming. We have initiated process for purchasing land for 71 more paharia families.
- Out of a target of 65 pump set and dug well for group farming to be given to SHGs we have already given to 10 groups.
Promotion of grain bank
Storage facility solved two problems-1. Distress selling. 2.Lack of emergency stock.
From the muthi chaul contribution the concept of grain bank evolved. Now almost every village has a grain bank. From this project fund Lokadrusti has given Rs. 2,50,000/- as matching assistance to 83 woman SHGs to strengthen these grain banks.
In addition to this they have their own saving of 536 quintals of grain. Out of this they have given grain loan of 459 quintals to the distressed families among themselves. Till date 3769 families have been saved from distress condition
Financial support for procurement and preservation for indigenous seeds is given to 44 SHGs as against a target of 50. This helps the women to preserve seed which were on the verge of extinction.
Due to establishment of seed banks the small and marginal farmers were able to get seed in time.
In order to provide employment to landless people we have provided dairy units to 10 SHGs and goatery units to 36 SHGs.
Vidyanagari SHG of Kerapadar village has been given assistance and training for packaging and selling ghee produced from the dairy units. It is giving better marketing facility for both of them. This SHG is also selling cow-fodder to the SHGs running dairy units.
Many SHG women grow arhar, black gram, green gram etc. in their fields. Earlier they used to sell these products directly to the traders. So they were getting less price. Keeping this in mind we supplied two Dal processing units in Bireskela of Boden block and Khamtarai of Khariar block. Now they make dal and sell it in better price. This has added to their group fund.
There was distress sale in agricultural produces as people had no storage facilities and financial strength to wait for better price.
Keeping this in mind we provided revolving fund to the SHGs and they were also linked with the commercial bank to take further loan. By making use of this fund and the cluster level storage centre the group women procure agricultural produces and sell when the market price is competitive .
Forest officer takes active part in PRA exercise in sanctuary village.
The range officer explains the rules and regulations governing the ‘Wild Life Sanctuary’.
29% of household with an annual income of less than Rs.4000/- and 38% with the annual income less than Rs.6500/- mostly live either in plateau or valley area. They largely depend on minor forest produces.
Unfortunately due to the depleting forest coverage and distress sale of MFP these people are becoming more vulnerable.
During this project we are trying to address their problem.
Capacity building efforts
Women busy in their traditional business.
We have organized 22 number of workshops (each in one cluster) with the woman groups to increase their participation in JFM/VSS. The main objective of these workshops was to make them aware of the rules, regulation and procedure and above all on their own rights. The involvement of Forest officials made these programmes successful.
Bamboo craft is the hereditary trade of the paharia people. But unfortunately bamboo forest is in the decline and these people have to travel long distance to collect bamboo. Keeping this in mind we have decided to encourage the paharia people to grow bamboo forest. For this we have developed bamboo nursery.
Medicinal plants like Aswagandha have been planted on 20 acres of land.
Jetropa plantation done on 100 acres of wasteland.
Bamboo plantation undertaken on 50 acres in 10 paharia villages. Bamboo sapling has been grown in the nursery and in the next year we have set target to cover all paharia villages.
3000 running meters (rmt) Stone bunding done around the forest in Salepada village. This will check soil erosion.
55 number of Vana Surakshya Samilty organised and registered with the Forest Department covering 5095.5 hectors of forest area.
The woman and man members of these samities are protecting forest on rotation basis which in the local term is called thengapali.
15 oil processing units have been given to an equal number of SHGs to produce oil from kusum, mahua seed, neem, karanj etc. Earlier they used to process in the wooden processor which gave less yield. This type of log is also not available in the forest anymore. So we supplied the improved unit from which the women get more oil.
The SHGs in the forest villages are given revolving fund to procure NTFP. There is the provision of community storage godown at cluster level. This will help them store NTFP and sell it when the price is good. Till date we have already constructed 4 number of such godown and process for the rest 6 has begun.
Nutrition and health Project Intervention :-
Village Para-Health Workers are being given training by the physician.
Under integrated nutrition health project INHP-II sponsored by CARE , Lokadrusti is covering 31 demonstration site from Khariar, Boden and Sinapali ICDS project of Nuapada district. The main objective of the programme is to bring sustainable improvement in nutrition and health status of the vulnerable children and women. The total targeted population covered from 31 demonstration site is 31689. In this project we have selected the change agent from the women communities and train them on the issue of nutrition and health. These change agents(CA) help the Anganwadi worker to organized the village community on the issue of nutrition and health. The CAs move from home to home respective helmets to inform and remind the day of nutrition and health day of each Anganwadi Centre . While making home visit CAs use to identified new pregnant women and other related issue on mother and child care practices and their also counseling for betterment of mother and child. CAs also request the PRIs members, Mahila mandals and member of youth club to participate in nutrition and health day. The nutrition and health day is used to organize in each demonstration site in between 9 A.M. to 2 P.M. The nutrition and health day has influence the mindset of the people specially the traditional leaders and TBAs.
A poor village woman suffering from ‘Sicklecell’ disease. No treatment was available till Lokadrusti intervened.
The myth behind new born child bath and diet restriction of mother have been change due to awareness among the people. The mother are able to prepare nutritional food to be used as complementary food for their child above six months. Due to better organisation of Anganwadi centre the anganwadi worker with the help of change agent could able to updating the social map. The updating of Social map has following impacts.
1. Identification of left out and drop out could be possible for counseling.
2. Identification of PW and LW for immunization, ANC, PNC and THR.
3. Easy monitoring and counseling by the AWW, ANM and INHP staff.
In addition to this due to proper organisation of anganwadi centre the mothers are using self monitoring tools ( SMT) at their house hold level to monitor health position during antenatal and post natal period. The conceptual clarity on SMT is being developing among the beneficiaries. We are also organizing of common platform for Arnaprasanna at 31demonstration site. The women are raising a health fund by voluntary contribution. This fund is helping the mother at the time of delivery.
Health, Nutrition and Education Scenario: Solution through convergence with ICDS, Health and DPEP
The Health related problems are being addressed at the grassroot level. “Educate them!”.
70% of children within 5 years are malnourished.
60% pregnant women are anemic.
Infant mortality rate is more then 98 whereas the state rate is 87.
Migration related health hazard and dropout of children from school.
Streamlining nutrition and health service delivery at the community level by selecting Change Agents from among the SHG members.
Lokadrusti gave para-health and Dhai training to 111 women most of whom are now working as Change Agents.
A special training was given to the Change Agents to address the ante-natal and post-natal behavioural practices like bathing, hair cutting, dry and wrap, umbilical chord, immediate and exclusive breast feeding, complimentary feeding, diet and rest for mother etc.
They manage Nutrition and Health Day (NHD), Immunization Day for qualitative service delivery like ensuring attendance of all eligible beneficiaries, reducing left out and drop out from availing the facilities at the Anganwadi Centres.
Implementing behavior change communication (BCC) strategy to address barriers to ideal nutrition health behavioral practices through strategy like:
IEC materials, Context specific folk media shows and peer groups learning (Change Agents, SHGs)
Listing of migrant families and targeting them on pre-migration counseling.( Mode of HIV/ AIDS transmission, Safe sexual practices, facilities for treatment of STDs and RTI )
Nutrition and Health outcome level indicators.
In villages immunisation is being carried out extensively by Lokadrusti.
All these brought about a change in the mindset of the mothers and the traditional leaders in these practices.
90% pregnant women receiving Iron Folic Acid tablet.
90% of total pregnant women receiving TT.
70% women have made birth plan during last year.
60% of total new born dried and wrapped immediately after birth.
80% of new born put to breast within 1 hour of delivery.
70% of children started complementary feeding after completion of 6 months.