Project Title :- Child Development Project
Project Location:-46 Villages of Boden & Komna block of Nuapada district.
Implementing Agency :- Lokadrusti , Khariar
Funded By :- ChildFund India
Reporting Period :- April 2010 to March 2011
Objectives:-Help deprived, excluded and vulnerable children have the capacity to improve their lives and the opportunity to become young adults, parents and leaders who bring lasting and positive change in their communities.
Introduction: In partnership with ChildFund India, Lokadrusti started the Child Development Project in 24 villages of Boden Block since 2007. With the successful completion of two years, Lokadrusti had the opportunity to extend the project area to 22 villages of Komna Block from Apr-2009. Same as the previous years, the project bears thrust on six thematic areas viz: 1) Health and Sanitation, 2) Nutrition, 3) Early Childhood Care and Development, 4) Basic Education, 5) Livelihood and Economic Enhancement of poor, 6) Emergency-Child Agency. These Six thematic areas were covered under three core outcomes that are as follows:-
- Healthy and Secured Infants
- Educated and Confident Children
- Skilled and Involved Youth
Being a Sponsorship programme, the project has taken up 1000 children (500 from Boden block and 500 from Komna block) for providing direct benefits to the sponsored children by the sponsorers across the globe. Beside this, an integrated approach for development of children in specific and society as a whole is taken up through the mentioned three core outcomes.
- Healthy and Secured Infants ( 0-5 Yrs)
The overall goal of the Health programme is to enhance the capacity, knowledge and skill of various stakeholders like the community, service providers etc and also to create a supportive environment by strengthening of health facilities for overall development of children. Awareness through Trainings, Sensitization Meetings, Focused Group Discussion was the strategy. Some supply programmes like conduction of Health Camps and Referral Services were also provided to the community.
Nutrition, being an integral part of health concern is included in the activities, where the community is sensitized on proper diet, sanitation etc. The children were covered under deworming. Some malnourished children were identified and provided with vitamins, medicines and supplementary foods under the referral service.
The programme aims at enhancing the family and community or the neighborhood environment in which young children develop. Early childhood development refers to an integrated approach that focuses on the early years of a child, and ensures that children reach school age healthy, well nourished and socially confident.
For the healthy and proper development of children, the care givers are sensitized for the proper care of the children. The Govt. system has also provision for ECD at Anganwadi Centres, where there is no coverage of AWCs we have started ECCD centres to serve the purpose. Places where there is lack of accessibility to education is found, with the support of ChildFund India we are running 16 nos. of community based Child care centre in two Bocks where 483 children are attending Pre-schooling. The Care takers were trained properly and they are use to continue the centres by using different play materials in a joyful manner. Now a day the children participation in the ECCD centres is increasing to a greater extent. The Nutrition management committee formed in the villages is properly monitoring the routine works of the AWC and ECCD.
Case Study-1 (Creating Example through Capacity Building)
Lokadrusti is working for the child development in three GPs of Komna Block. In a holistic approach to development, the Health, Education & Livelihood aspects in these areas are focused. Under the Health component, the enhancement of Nutritional status of the Children and reduction of IMR/CMR/MMR & malnutrition is a major concern. In this matter, the Govt. has a wide network of service delivery system through the AWCs by the ICDS department. Hence Lokadrusti started to aware people to avail the services at their door step and simultaneously develop the capacity of the service providers through organizing trainings on different thematic areas like- HBC, PD Hearth etc. The conducting of VHND and Immunization regularly are also ensured by regular follow up.
Out of the 8 AWCs (under 2 sectors) in the Child Development Project area, the AWWs of all centers are trained for conducting IMNCI activities and PD hearth by the concerned departments. But it was noticed that the rate of proper execution of these activities are equal to negligible in these areas.
In this process, 15 nos. of AWW of the project area were trained on the process of PD Hearth . In the training the AWWs were encouraged to practice it in their centers. For addressing the identified issues in the field of health & nutrition, Collaboration meeting with health & ICDS department is organized in quarterly basis and the issues are shared to solve. In such a meeting the CDPO Komna got to know that after the training and regular follow up by the Lokadrusti volunteers, the PD Hearth session in 2 centers (Gerujore & Mallikmunda) are properly executed and other services like- pre-schooling, mothers meeting, VHND, Immunization due list preparation etc. are also properly maintained. After that CDPO personally visited these centers and confirmed it.
In the ICDS project meeting on 10/05/2010 she instructed the AWWs from all 8 sectors of Komna Block to go for an “Exposure visit to Gerujore & Mallikmunda AWCs” and learn about the process of PD Hearth by practical demonstration. For this purpose the CDPO Komna seek the help of Lokadrusti through a request letter and congratulated for this achievement. The Exposure visit was held as per the following scheduled where AWWs from different sectors visited the model centers: –
Sl. No. Date ICDS Sectors
- 12.05.2010 Lakhna & Darlipada
- 13.05.2010 Bhela
- 14.05.2010 Budhi Komna
- 17.05.2010 Konabira
- 18.05.2010 Komna
- 21.05.2010 Tarbod
- 22.05.2010 Michhapali
The LS of the concerned sectors took their AWWs to the centers on the scheduled date and the CDPO also visited the venue on 17.05.2010. In this occasion Lokadrusti organized a PD hearth sessions where 15 Nos. of Child below normal and below grade participated. The status of children observed during the process was as follows.
Before the session: Normal-4, Grade I-4, Grade II-6, and Grade III-1
After the session: Normal-6, Grade I-6, Grade II-3, and Grade III-0
The Exposure Visit has virtually encouraged other Anganwadi Workers to undertake such activities at their end. This gave a message to the district as well as state level and the AWW of Gerujore awarded best AWW at district level on the eve of Independence Day celebration.
- Educated and Confident Children (6-14 Yrs)
Introducing Quality in Learning Experiences is the central objective of the programme. It aims facilitating access to education service with equity, ensuring quality of education. Teachers are sensitized in this regard and to strengthen the education system, some materials are also provided under this programme. To improve the quality in education we are running 9 numbers of tutorial/coaching classes at 9 nos. of villages where 292 children of primary schools are continuing their study and it’s found that the retention of the children and reading and writing ability among the child is improving. Apart from that we have supported 5 nos. of School as model school.
Along with the education, the extracurricular activities also play a vital role in the mental and physical growth of a child. Basing on these facts, the children are involved in several activities like Formation of Children club and undertaking cultural, Sports and developmental activities so that their leadership quality could be developed.
Case Study-2 (Strengthening village Institutions can Bring Sustainable Changes)
Out of the multi faced activities for bringing social change, Lokadrusti has major focus on holistic development of school going children under the age group of 6-14yrs. For bringing a sustainable change in the system as well as the thought process of the community the strategy was finalized to strengthen the village level institutions for active participation in the development process.
With this objective, the Child Development Project was stated in April-2009 in 22village of Komna Block. Nagpada is one of the project village of Jhagrahi panchayat, which is a hamlet of revenue village Kotribahal. At first we formed village institution like VDC and Child Club. We also started to strengthen the existing village institution like PTA, MTA, Youth Club and VEC (village education committee) through various orientation and sensitization programs. There is a Primary School at Nagpada where there are 38 girls and 45 boys, a total of 83 students are studying. There are two teachers (one regular and Gana Sikshyak) in that school. There is a VEC for the management of the school where there are nine members as per the guideline of SSA (Sarba Sikshya Abhijan) that one is HM, one PRI member, three from MTA and three from PTA and one dignitary person from the village.
According to the norms the committee should sit once in a month for review and planning of the education in the school. But in real practice it was not happening and the register of the meeting was signed by the members at their homes. It was because of the ignorance of the members of the committee and after the orientation to the committee some of the members got aware about the real function of the committee. Smt. Sulochana Nag is one of the members in that committee. She refused to put signature in that meeting register and claimed that, without meeting she will never put her signature. Other members also supported her. As a result now the VEC meeting is organizing regularly at the village with the presence of all the members.
It shows that the strengthening of village institutions can bring sustainable change in the community as well as the wellbeing of the children.
- Skilled and Involved Youth (15-24 Yrs)
Economic advancement of the households is central and complementary to the all-round development of the child. Unless the family gets the financial security, all other aspects of development cannot be sustainable. In this regard, the poor households of the project area are supported in several ways like, formation of SHG/Federations and linking them with micro credit institutions, providing technical support to the marginalized farmers, giving loan to poor individuals for IGP trades, promoting live stocks etc. Under Livelihood and Economic Enhancement Program (LEEP) women were organized in to 218 Self Help Groups (SHGs) by covering 2672 women in 46 villages and provided technical and financial support to take up small business and small skill based activities like cycle repairing workshop, Honey collection and marketing, vegetable cultivation etc. SHGs were linked with the Commercial Banks and Sampurna Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) schemes to start various economic enhancement programs. SHGs have been federated at Block level and Revolving fund support was provided to run some Income Generating activities. Community members were mobilized and linkages established with National Rural Employment Guarantee Schemes (NRGES) for 100 days jobs to check migration.
Case Study-3 (Accelerating Rural Livelihood through Micro Credit)
W/O – Uddhaba DeepName of the Entrepreneur: Basanti Deep
Name of the Child: Nilabati Deep
Case No: 546
Village: Deodhara (Komna)
Trade: Bengal Business (petty business)
Loan Amount: Rs. 5000/-
Loan Date: 29.01.2010
Under the LEEP activities of Child Development Project, initiatives were taken to promote the livelihood of the poor House Holds through encouraging small entrepreneurship in different trades and supporting (financial & technical) the entrepreneurs through micro credit. In this process the parents of the enrolled child of the project were given preference in the first phase because they are selected from the poorest of the poor among the villagers. They were encouraged to form SHGs and linked with the block level Federation and support in the shape of Loan were given for the promotion of small entrepreneurship.
Basanti Deep of Deodhara is such an entrepreneur who is the mother of Nilabati Deep one of the sponsored child (Case No-546) of the project. She was doing Bengal business earlier and earning Rs.1000/- approx. per month from her business. For her business she was selling the Bengals in 3 nearby villages like Kunjal Pada, Malpada & Deodhara and weekly markets of Rajana & Chhata. For the maintenance of her business, she has to depend upon local credit markets i.e. the money lenders for which she had to pay 10% interest per month. In this way a large share of her profit is consumed by the interest amount. The family is landless and they are 6 members in their family. Thus there is no scope for saving and eventually they never managed to escape from the trap of credit net.
Mean while, Basanti came to know from the SHG meeting about the loan facility by the project and applied for a loan to strengthen her present business (Bengal vending). The SHG also recommended her application and after a feasibility assessment by the LEEP Coordinator of the project she was sanctioned a loan amounting Rs.5000/- under the category of petty business. After getting loan she managed to increase the size of her business, she increased the varieties of product according to the business plan prepared by the project and started expanding the marketing places to 5 weekly markets and 10 villages. As per the benefit tracking now she is able to earn Rs.3500/- aprox. Per month and also started repayment of her loan to the Federation. Now she is also planning to start share crop in the land of another farmer and wish to enhance her family earning.
|Month/Type of Letter||WL||BL||RL||TYL||CIL||RAM||SE||Activity Photograph||SSIM Site||Death Case Report||RLF||New CIF||CPR||Total in a Month|
Financial Overview: – (July to March 2011)
|Life Cycle||Approved Budget||Expenditure up to Dec – 2010||Total % of Expenditure||Subsidy received from July to Dec. 2010||Total % of Expenditure against Subsidy received|
|0 – 5 Yrs||601300.00||566191.00||94.16%|
|6 – 14 Yrs||762750.00||610930.00||80.09%|
|15 – 24 Yrs||921700.00||818579.00||88.81%|